Shōtōkan-ryū 松濤館 流
is a style of karate, developed from Okinawan Shorin-Ryu by Gichin Funakoshi (1868–1957) and his son Gigo (Yoshitaka) Funakoshi (1906–1945). Funakoshi Sensei was born in Okinawa1 and is widely credited with bringing karate to Japan through a series of public demonstrations, and by promoting the development of university karate clubs, including those at Keio, Waseda, Hitotsubashi (Shodai), Takushoku, Chuo, Gakushuin, and Hosei.2
Funakoshi had many students at the university clubs and outside dojos, who continued to teach karate after his death in 1957. However, internal disagreements (in particular the notion that competition is contrary to the essence of karate) led to the creation of different organizations—including an initial split between the Japan Karate Association (headed by Masatoshi Nakayama) and the Shotokai (headed by Motonobu Hironishi and Shigeru Egami), followed by many others—so that today there is no single "Shotokan school", although they all bear Funakoshi's influence. Being one of the first and biggest styles, Shotokan is considered a traditional and influential form of karate.

Funakoshi Gichin 船越 義珍

was born on November 10, 1868 (the year of the Meiji Restoration), in Shuri, Okinawa, to ethnic Okinawan parents and originally had the family name Tominakoshi3.
Funakoshi Sensei was the creator of Shotokan karate, perhaps the most widely known style of karate, and is attributed as being the 'father of modern karate'
4. Following the teachings of Anko Itosu 糸洲 安恒, he was one of the Okinawan karate masters who introduced karate to the Japanese mainland in 1921. He taught karate at various Japanese universities and became honorary head of the Japan Karate Association upon its establishment in 1949.
Born in the year of the Meiji Restoration, in Shuri, Okinawa, to ethnic Okinawan parents and originally had the family name Tominakoshi
3. His father's name was Gisu5. After entering primary school he became close friends with the son of Ankō Azato 安里 安恒, a karate and kendo master who would soon become his first karate teacher5.
Funakoshi's family was stiffly opposed to the abolition of the Japanese topknot, and this meant he would be ineligible to pursue his goal of attending medical school, despite having passed the entrance examination
5. Being trained in both classical Chinese and Japanese philosophies and teachings, Funakoshi became an assistant teacher in Okinawa. During this time, his relations with the Azato family grew and he began nightly travels to the Azato family residence to receive karate instruction from Ankō Azato5.
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1. Mark Bishop (1999). Okinawan Karate: Teachers, styles, and secret techniques. ISBN 0-8048-3205-6.
2. Funakoshi, Gichin (1973). "Karate-do Kyohan", Kodansha International Ltd, Tokyo. ISBN 0-87011-190-6.

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